Earth System Physics


The Earth System Physics (ESP) section studies a wide spectrum of the Earth system, from its fluid components (oceans and the atmosphere) to the planet's interior. The ESP section maintains a range of models and datasets and coordinates the Regional Climate research NETwork (RegCNET), encompassing over 600 participants worldwide.



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» South Caucasus-Black Sea Regional Climate Conference | (smr 3122)

» Advanced School on Tropical-Extratropical Interactions on Intra-Seasonal Time Scales | (smr 3155)

» Workshop-Conference on Earthquakes and Tsunami: Modeling and Observations | (smr 3165)

» Integrated Environmental Health Impact Assessment (IEHIA) on Air Pollution and Climate Change in Mediterranean Areas | (smr 3250)

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Research and Education Opportunities

Whether you are a pre- or post-doctorate scientist, ESP has several opportunities for you to enhance your knowledge of earth system physics.

ESP Models

Computer-assisted research

ESP research uses a range of open source numerical models maintained and developed at ICTP.

Research Topics

Earth system modelling

Earth system models attempt to represent the key processes that determine the climate of our planet, such as the atmospheric and ocean circulations, aerosols and atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, the cryosphere, and land surface processes. The research of the group uses model tools such as the latest generation of the regional climate model REGCM and intermediate complexity global model SPEEDY to understand our climate, its natural variability and its response to anthropogenic forcings.

Solid Earth Geophysics
The researchers use seismology, space geodesy, tectonics and numerical experiments to understand the following topics: Mechanics of earthquakes and faulting, Structure and rheology of the lithosphere in active earthquake and volcanic regions, Physics of transient deformation, and Active tectonics and earthquake hazard.
Climate applications

Climate extremes in the present day and in future decades can have severe implications, with the poorest members of societies being often the most vulnerable. The ESP group uses dynamical and statistical modelling techniques to assess the socio-economic impacts of climate
variability and change, for example on energy, water and health. As with the climate models, the dynamical impact models CHYM and VECTRI are made available to the wider scientific community through regular workshops and training events.