STI

Science, Technology and Innovation

Contacts:

Cultural Heritage

Multidisciplinary Laboratory (MLab) research activity includes the application of X-Ray analytical instruments and other scientific methods to Palaeontology, Archaeology and Culture Heritage. The group, which has become a centre of excellence for the application of applied science in Cultural Heritage, is involved in a large number of scientific collaborations and provides and facilitates the training of ICTP associates, scientists and students.

Ongoing research

X-Ray Tools for Culture Heritage

The group works on developing X-ray analytical instruments for the non-invasive characterisation of cultural heritage materials and paleontological objects. This project is in collaboration with ELETTRA Sincrotrone Trieste, IAEA, the Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia and the Centro Fermi in Rome.

The origin of the group is related to the EXACT (Elemental X-ray Analysis and Computed Tomography) project, funded by the Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) during 2010-2014. The aim of the project, a collaborative effort with Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste, was to build and operate a set of advanced X-ray analytical instruments for the non-invasive characterisation of cultural heritage materials. The research activity on the application of advanced physical methods in the study of archaeological, paleontological, and artistic materials has continued with the financial support of the Centro Fermi (Rome) in the framework of a project entitled "Microtomography for Archaeology and Paleoanthropology" (2014-2016). The project is mainly based on the EXACT instruments, but also on other facilities that provide complementary capabilities to characterise microstructure, composition and age of the materials of interest. The project has been extended (2016-2019) with the name S.A.P.I.E.N.S (Scienze per l'Archeologia e la Paleoantropologia: InterpretareE la Nostra Storia).

Study of Ancient Landscapes

The group has also extensive experience in the study of ancient landscapes through archaeological surveys and excavations, geophysical and other remote sensing techniques, in collaboration with the University of Trieste, the Soprintendenza Archeologica del FVG and other Italian and foreign institutes.

A research programme for the study of ancient landscapes through geophysical and remote sensing techniques has been developed in collaboration with the University of Trieste and the Soprintendenza Archeologica del FVG. In particular, the ICTP group has recently coordinated a triennial collaborative agreement involving the above mentioned institutions (2016-2018) to develop advanced scientific technologies for the study, protection and enhancement of the archaeological heritage and ancient landscape of the FVG region.

Ongoing Projects

ATLACH Consortium

During 2020 the group has been included in the Advanced Technology Lab For Cultural Heritage (ATLACH), a consortium including also the Universities of Udine and Trieste and Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste and other institutions of FVG region.

An IAEA Collaboration to develop portable XRF and related techniques for Cultural Heritage

A new project, in collaboration with IAEA, has just started to develop portable XRF and related techniques for Cultural Heritage.

Scientific Collaborations for X-Ray Computed Microtomography

The group is currently involved in a large number of scientific collaborations to study paleontological, archaeological and paleoanthropological materials by means of X-ray computed microtomography and complementary techniques.

Interdisciplinary Study of an Ancient Landscape

Thank to the support of private funds, the group has been carrying out a scientific program dedicated to the interdisciplinary study of the ancient landscape of the north-eastern Adriatic regions through archaeological surveys and excavations, geophysical and other remote sensing techniques in collaboration with Italian, Slovenian and Croatian institutions. This also includes fieldwork campaigns in Italy and abroad consisting of archaeological and geophysical surveys.

Excavations

Archaeological excavations of Trieste Republican Roman military fortifications.

Exhibition

Organization of the exhibition "Beyond Aquileia: the Roman conquest of the Karst" (16 October 2021-28 February 2022).

Researchers


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