Earth System Physics


The Earth System Physics (ESP) section studies a wide spectrum of the Earth system, from its fluid components (oceans and the atmosphere) to the planet's interior. The ESP section maintains a range of models and datasets and coordinates the Regional Climate research NETwork (RegCNET), encompassing over 600 participants worldwide.


Seminars view all

» Wind farm revenues in Western Europe in present and future climate

» Artificial intelligence for climate impacts

» Climate impact on cold- and heat-related mortality

» Modelling the dispersion of pollutants in the atmospheric boundary layer. The experience of ARIANET, products and applications

Activities view all

» Joint ICTP-IAEA Workshop on the Use of Cosmic Ray Neutron Sensor for Soil Moisture Management and Validation of Remote Sensing Soil Moisture Maps | (smr 3574)

» Joint Summer School on Modelling Tools for Sustainable Development | (smr 3581)

» Joint ICTP-IUGG Workshop on Data Assimilation and Inverse Problems in Geophysical Sciences | (smr 3607)

» 10th ICTP Workshop on the Theory and Use of Regional Climate Models | (smr 3575)

Earth system modelling

Earth system models attempt to represent the key processes that determine the climate of our planet, such as the atmospheric and ocean circulations, aerosols and atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycles, the cryosphere, and land surface processes. The research of the group uses model tools such as the latest generation of the regional climate model REGCM and intermediate complexity global model SPEEDY to understand our climate, its natural variability and its response to anthropogenic forcings.

Solid Earth Geophysics
The researchers use seismology, space geodesy, tectonics and numerical experiments to understand the following topics: Mechanics of earthquakes and faulting, Structure and rheology of the lithosphere in active earthquake and volcanic regions, Physics of transient deformation, and Active tectonics and earthquake hazard.
Climate applications

Climate extremes in the present day and in future decades can have severe implications, with the poorest members of societies being often the most vulnerable. The ESP group uses dynamical and statistical modelling techniques to assess the socio-economic impacts of climate
variability and change, for example on energy, water and health. As with the climate models, the dynamical impact models CHYM and VECTRI are made available to the wider scientific community through regular workshops and training events.