ICTP's COVID-19 Response

Precautions taken to prevent spread of virus

Contacts:

Italian Government Actions

14 JULY: Italy has issued a new decree which extends until 31 July 2020 the provisions of the 11 June 2020 legislative decree and the Ministry of Health regulations from 30 June and 9 July 2020.

For clarification, the key points are as follows:

  • International travel: 
    • Persons entering Italy from, or having stayed in (in the previous 14 days), countries other than the EU, Schengen Area, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, the United Kingdom and other than officials of international organizations and diplomatic missions shall be subjected to self-isolation and observation for a period of 14 days.
      • As per the EU Council recommendation of 30 June, citizens of the following countries may enter Italy for any reason: Algeria, Australia, Canada,  Georgia,  Japan,  Montenegro,  Marocco,  New Zealand, Rwanda, Serbia, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, and Uruguay. However, visitors from these countries shall still be subjected to self-isolation and observation for a period of 14 days.
    • Travel to and from States other than those listed in the above bullet point continues to be limited to the following purposes: work, health, verifiable study needs, or other urgent purposes. In any case, travel into Italy to return to one's residence continues to be allowed.
    • Citizens of EU states, countries in the Schengen Area, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, the United Kingdom and their family members as well as long-term EU residents or those holding national long-term visas, as well as their family members may freely travel among EU member states and within their national territories.
    • Travel ban for certain countries: Persons who have stayed in or transited through the following countries in the last 14 days may not enter or transit through Italy: Armenia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Chile, Kuwait, Macedonia, Moldova, Oman, Panama, Peru, and the Dominican Republic. Direct and indirect flights to and from these countries are thus suspended. This ban does not apply to persons with a registered residence in Italy prior to 9 July 2020.
  • Masks continue to be mandatory in enclosed spaces open to the public, including public transport, and in all cases where it is not possible to continuously guarantee the minimum interpersonal distance of 1 meter. This does not apply to children under the age of 6 or persons with disabilities incompatible with the use of a mask. Single-use, washable, or homemade masks in multilayered materials suitable for providing an adequate barrier which provide coverage from the chin to above the nose may be used. The use of masks is in addition to  existing social distancing and careful hand washing measures.
  • Remote working continues to be recommended where it is possible.
  • Events, shows, and gatherings:
    • Theaters, concert halls, and cinemas may open to the public so long as seats are pre-assigned and spaced out, with a maximum capacity of 1000 audience members for outdoor shows and 200 audience members per indoor hall.
    • Events which involve gatherings, whether indoors or outdoors, remain suspended where it is not possible to respect social distancing as well as the prescriptions of the above bullet point
    • Trade shows, fairs, and conferences remain suspended 
    • Regions may establish different dates for the resumption of these activities as well as different maximum capacities for audiences.
  • In-person teaching activities: continue to be suspended
  • Outdoor exercise: May be conducted in public parks and using public exercise equipment, so long as an interpersonal distance of 2 meters is respected during sports activities and 1 meter for all other physical activities. Contact sports are now allowed.
  • Gyms, pools, sports centers may operate so long as the prescribed protocols are followed
  • Public protests: are allowed only in static form and as long as social distancing is respected
  • Arcades and bingo halls may operate so long as the prescribed protocols are followed
  • Dance halls and nightclubs continue to be suspended
  • Museums and other cultural institutions may open to the public so long as they can guarantee a 1-meter interpersonal distance between visitors
  • Wellness centers, spas, and cultural centers may operate so long as the prescribed protocols are followed and as long as regions determine that their operation is compatible with epidemiological trends within their territories
  • Cruise services of Italian-flagged passenger ships continue to be suspended.

 

30 JUNE: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region issues a new ordinance.

11 JUNE: A new decree was issued by the Italian Government, which is in effect from 15 June-14 July 2020. The key points of the new decree are as follows:

International travel: 
 --People entering Italy from, or having stayed in (in the previous 14 days), countries other than the EU, Schengen Area, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, the United Kingdom and other than officials of international organizations and diplomatic missions shall be subjected to self-isolation and observation for a period of 14 days;
--Until 30 June 2020, travel to and from states other than those listed in the above bullet point continues to be limited to work, health or other urgent purposes. In any case, returning to one's residence continues to be allowed.

Masks continue to be mandatory in enclosed spaces open to the public, including public transport, and in all cases where it is not possible to continuously guarantee the minimum interpersonal distance of 1 meter. This does not apply to children under the age of 6 or persons with disabilities incompatible with the use of a mask. Single-use, washable, or homemade masks in multilayered materials suitable for providing an adequate barrier which provide coverage from the chin to above the nose may be used. The use of masks is in addition to  existing social distancing and careful hand washing measures.

Remote working continues to be recommended where it is possible.

Events, shows, and gatherings:
--Theaters, concert halls, and cinemas may open to the public so long as seats are pre-assigned and spaced out, with a maximum capacity of 1000 audience members for outdoor shows and 200 audience members per indoor hall.
--Events which involve gatherings, whether indoors or outdoors, remain suspended where it is not possible to respect social distancing as well as the prescriptions of the above bullet point.
--Trade shows, fairs, and conferences remain suspended until 14 July 2020.
--Regions may establish different dates for the resumption of these activities as well as different maximum capacities for audiences.

In-person teaching activities continue to be suspended.

Outdoor exercise may be conducted in public parks and using public exercise equipment, so long as an interpersonal distance of 2 meters is respected during sports activities and 1 meter for all other physical activities. Contact sports are allowed from 25 June 2020.

Gyms, pools, and sports centers may operate so long as the prescribed protocols are followed.

Public demonstrations are allowed only in static form and as long as social distancing is respected.

Arcades and bingo halls may operate  so long as the prescribed protocols are followed.

Dance halls and nightclubs continue to be suspended.

Museums and other cultural institutions may open to the public so long as they can guarantee a 1-meter interpersonal distance between visitors.

Wellness centers, spas, and cultural centers may operate so long as the prescribed protocols are followed and as long as regions determine that their operation is compatible with epidemiological trends within their territories.

Cruise services of Italian-flagged passenger ships continue to be suspended.


17 MAY: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region announced that it will impose some changes to the national decree; one of the most obvious modifications is that wearing masks is and will continue to be MANDATORY also outside the buildings (on the roads), not simply recommended. Read the ordinance.

17 MAY: Italy issues new decree (English version here; English translation of Annex 12 of same decree, related to safety measures in work environment, here)  detailing easing of restrictions, in effect from 18 May until 31 July. Its main points are:

Movement restrictions:

  • Within your region: Movements within regions will no longer be restricted; more restrictive measures may be applied to specific areas, subject to worsening of the epidemiological situation.
  • Inter-regional travel: Until 2 June, journeys outside of one's region, are prohibited except for proven work needs, situations of urgent need, or health reasons. A self-certification form will be needed for such journeys. From 3 June, journeys across the national territory will be allowed; however, more restrictive provisions may be applied in specific geographical areas, depending on their appropriateness and in proportion with the current epidemiological risk.
  • International travel: Until 2 June, international travel is prohibited except for proven work needs, situations of urgent need, or health reasons. From 3 June, international travel will be allowed; however, more restrictive provisions may be applied in relation to specific States and territories, depending on their appropriateness and in proportion with the current epidemiological risk. International travel will also be governed by limits placed by EU rules.

Quarantine:

  • Persons subject to quarantine are prohibited from leaving their own residence unless they are hospitalized or their recovery is confirmed.
  • Precautionary quarantine may be applied by health authorities to persons having had close contact with confirmed COVID-19 case.

Gatherings:

  • are prohibited in public or places open to the public. Demonstrations, events, and shows of any type with the presence of an audience, including cultural, recreational, sports or trade show events or any conference or convention activity can ONLY take place where it has been determined that it is possible based on epidemiological data trends and with the adoption of the provisions of Article 2 of the 25 March 2020 decree.
  • Mayors may temporarily close areas open to the public in which it isn't possible to ensure that the minimum interpersonal distance of 1 meter is respected.
  • Meetings: must respect minimum interpersonal distance of 1 meter and preferably should be held remotely.
  • Religious services: are conducted in compliance with the protocols and appropriate measures to prevent the risk of contagion.
  • In-person Teaching activities: of schools of educational institutions of all grades and levels continue to be suspended.

Economic, productive, and social activities: are permitted so long as they comply with national guidelines or protocols suitable for preventing of reducing the risk of contagion. Failure to comply may result in the suspension of the activity until safe conditions are restored.

Summary by topic:

  • Self-certification form: not necessary within one's region, but required to go to another region until 2 June (justification will be required - either work, health, or other urgent needs). After 2 June, movements within Italy will be allowed without a self-certification form.
  • Gatherings: Not allowed in public spaces and 1m-distance must also be respected inside homes. Distances will be indicated in locations open to the public. Private and public parties and events of any size continue to be prohibited. Visits with friends are allowed, but 1-m distance must be respected.
  • Masks: required in enclosed spaces and in shops. Gloves will also be required in grocery stores. Masks recommended in open but crowded areas.
  • Shopping centers: will reopen, with entrances staggered.
  • Cafes & restaurants: to reopen with new safety protocols.

 

3 May: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region has issued an ordinance (Italian)

3 May: Italy issues new self declaration form; previous version of form is still valid. Further details about the new form are available from the Ministery of the Interior.

2 May: Italy releases FAQs related to 26 April decree, clarifying the changes that will take place as of 4 May.

26 April: A new decree has been issued (Italian; unofficial English summary). Movement will be restricted to within one's own region, in line with specific constraints. Journeys outside one's region will only be permitted for work, health, or other urgent needs. A self certification form will still be required when you leave your home, but there will be a new version. Walks with your children, as well as jogging and physical exercise will be permitted also outside the immediate vicinity of your home, as long as it is not in groups. Use of masks will be mandatory on public transportation. Commercial activities will gradually resume with precautionary social distancing measures. Take-out  from restaurants will be allowed from 4 May.

26 April: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region has issued an ordinance (Italian) easing restrictions on, among several topics, outdoor activity, beginning 27 April.

24 April: Work environment safety measures protocol related to COVID-19 (“ Protocollo condiviso di regolazione delle misure per il contrasto e il contenimento della diffusione del virus Covid-19 negli ambienti di lavoro" signed on 14 March 2020 and integrated on 24 April 2020), agreed today by Italy and the social partners.

13 April: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region has issued an ordinance (Italian) requiring the use of face masks or personal safety devices covering the nose and the mouth together throughout the regional territory whenever you leave home.

10 April: New decree states that all current measures thus far enforced by the Government to contain COVID-19 will remain in effect until 3 May throughout the entire country. Only selected, essential activities and services will be authorized to re-open as of next week.

3 April: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region issues ordinance (Italian) requiring the use of face masks or personal safety devices (including scarfs or tissues) covering the nose and the mouth together with single-use plastic gloves in markets and in food shops, throughout the regional territory. Attendance quotas are introduced to keep safety distances. Personal safety devices covering your nose and mouth are strongly recommended whenever you leave home.

1 April: The Italian Minister of Health has announced (Italian; non-official English translation here) that all current measures enforced by the Government to contain COVID-19 will remain in effect until 13 April throughout the entire country. 

28 March: New ordinance regarding travellers to Italy. The main provisions are the following:

Article 1

  • Whoever intends to enter Italy by air, sea, lake, rail, or land is required to provide a detailed declaration (in Italian; non-official English translation available here) consisting of:

--the purpose of the trip
--the complete address where the required period of health monitoring and isolation is to be observed, as well as the means by which it will be reached
--phone number through which one can be reached during the required period of health monitoring and isolation

  • Carriers and operators are required to check such passenger documentation and individuals' temperature prior to boarding, prohibiting anyone with a fever from boarding. They are furthermore required to adopt measures that allow a 1m interpersonal distance to be observed among all passengers; crew and passengers are recommended to wear personal protective equipment and to be given instructions regarding when it may temporarily be removed. Air carriers should provide personal protective equipment to any passengers that do not have it.
  • Persons arriving in Italy, even if asymptomatic, must communicate their arrival to local health authorities and will be subjected to a 14-day period of health monitoring and isolation at the previously indicated address. In case symptoms of COVID-19 develop, local health authorities must immediately be notified.
  • If persons entering Italy are not able to reach the indicated address for the period of isolation, the local health authorities will determine where they should stay at the subject's personal expense
  • These conditions do not apply to persons specified in Article 1, comma 3 of the joint 17 March 2020 decree n.120  of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport and Ministry of Health, in the 18 March 2020 Interministerial decree n.122 or in the joint 19 March 2020 decree n. 125 of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport and Ministry of Health
  • These conditions do not apply to persons in charge of transporting goods

Article 2 bans foreign passenger ships, including cruise ships, from entering Italian ports.

This Ordinance takes immediate effect, also for journeys that had already begun at the time that this decree was signed, and will be in place until further notice.



26 March: Italy has released a new self-declaration form for movement outside of the home.

24 March: Italy has announced a new decree introducing fines from 400 to 3000 euro in case of violations of movement restrictions. Secondly, it allows the possibility for the presidents of Regions to adopt more stringent measures to contain the virus.

23 March: Italy has released a new self-declaration form for movement outside of the home. The new declaration contains two additional points.

  • Firstly, any movement outside your home must include the address of both the start and end of your journey;
  • Secondly, apart from movements for health, state of necessity and work-related reasons, a new provision has been inserted in regard to movements between different cities/towns, which is only permitted in cases of dire necessity.

22 March: Ordinance (in Italian) from the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Interior that prohibits individuals from traveling outside of the area that they are in, both by public or private transport, except for verifiable work reasons or for emergencies, i.e. for health reasons.

21 March: The Italian Prime Minister announced new measures (in Italian) related to the COVID-19 emergency. The principle provisions are the following:

  • Closure of all industries and activies not considered strategic and essential;
  • Closure of all services considered not essential;
  • Supermarket and pharmacies will remain open regularly as per previous days;
  • The measures are in effect from 22 March and are valid throughout Italy.

21 March: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region issued a new ordinance imposing further restrictions in order to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The new restrictions include the following:

  • Any kind of outdoor activity (sport, jogging, walk) is forbidden;
  • Mayors have been ordered to close all public parks, gardens and other public outdoor areas;
  • Shopping is allowed, but only one person per family (no groups);
  • All shops and supermarkets will be closed on Sundays (except newsstands and pharmacies).

The new measures are valid from 21 March until 3 April. The full text of the decree is here (in Italian).

(Please note that the above regional decree has stricter restrictions than the national decree issued on 20 March. That decree, which is in effect until 25 March, stated:

  • Access to public parks is forbidden.
  • Sport not allowed in open spaces. 
  • Jogging is permitted if close to home. 
  • All vendors of food and drinks within train stations, gas station are closed, exceptions for those along  highways, or within hospitals and airports. 
  • On weekends it is forbidden to travel to secondary houses.)

17 March: The self-certification form for movements outside the home has been updated. In addition to confirming that you have a valid reason for being out, the form now requires that you state that you are not subject to quarantine and have not tested positive for COVID-19.

If you do not have access to a printer, a copy will be made available to you by law enforcement officials in the event that you are stopped.

14 March: The Italian Civil Aviation Authority ordered the temporary closure of the following airports: Milano Linate, Bergamo Orio al Serio, Verona, Firenze, Roma Ciampino, Reggio Calabria, Brindisi, Trieste and Treviso. Cargo and emergency flights will be guaranteed.

A decree issued 11 March by the Italian Government says that any movements outside the home are restricted unless motivated by: work, health, or urgent need (including food shopping). If you leave your home, you are required to carry a self-certification form with you.

If law enforcement stops you, they will check your completed form or furnish a copy of one if you do not have one with you, to be completed and signed on the spot. Please always carry a form of ID. Any declaration you make regarding the purpose of your movement must be truthful and verifiable.

In light of this new decree, physical access to ICTP is strictly limited; those who need to access any buildings must contact the ICTP guards via the main entrance of the Leonardo Building. Most ICTP staff and scientists are now teleworking until 3 April.

_______________

SUMMARY OF 8 MARCH DECREE -  English translation

Article 1 lists the following containment measures for the entire Italian territory (originally it applied only to the region of Lombardy and the provinces of Modena, Parma, Piacenza, Reggio nell'Emilia, Rimini, Pesaro e Urbino, Alessandria, Asti, Novara, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Vercelli, Padua, Treviso, and Venice):

  • Avoid any movement into or out of the listed areas, as well as within them, except for journeys motivated by proven work needs, emergencies, or for health reasons.
  • It is strongly recommended that those with respiratory infection symptoms and a fever (temperature above 37.5 degrees C) do not leave their homes, limit social contact as much as possible, and contact their primary care physician.
  • Those subjected to quarantine or testing positive for the virus are absolutely prohibited from leaving their home or residence.
  • Sports events and competitions of all types and disciplines are suspended. Such events may still be held without the presence of an audience; in these cases, sports associations and clubs are required to put in place checks on their athletes, technicians, managers, and all who participate, with the scope of containing the COVID-19 virus. General sport and exercise activities are only allowed to take place outdoors and on condition that it is possible to respect an interpersonal distance of one meter.
  • It is recommended that public and private employers encourage employees to take leave during the period covered by this decree.
  • Facilities in ski areas are closed.
  • Suspension of all organized events, including events held in public or private venues, even if they are held indoors but open to the public. All activities in such places, which include cinemas, theaters, pubs, dance schools, amusement arcades, betting and bingo halls, night clubs and similar establishments, are suspended.
  • Educational institutions of all grades and levels are closed, except where distance learning is possible (with the exception of courses for doctors' specializations, specialist medical courses in general, and apprenticeships related to healthcare professions.) With the aim of maintaining social distancing, any alternative form of gathering is not allowed. Meetings of in person collegiate bodies are suspended. The managing bodies are to ensure the cleanliness of educational facilities.
  • Places of worship may remain open on condition that measures to prevent gatherings and to guarantee  visitors an interpersonal distance of at least one meter are established. Civil and religious ceremonies are suspended, including funerals.
  • Museums and cultural institutions are closed.
  • Public and private tender/competitive examination procedures shall be suspended except in cases where the evaluation of candidates is carried out exclusively on the basis of CVs or through telecommunications; competitive examinations for healthcare and civil protection personnel are excluded from this suspension, though these should preferably take place remotely.
  • Restaurant and cafe activities are allowed between 6:00-18:00 so long as managers ensure that an interpersonal distance of at least one meter can be respected; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business in question.
  • Additional commercial activities are allowed subject to the same conditions, nonetheless preventing gatherings of persons and guaranteeing that visitors can respect an interpersonal distance of 1 meter; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business in question
  • Leave is suspended for all healthcare and technical personnel, including those whose activities are necessary to conduct the activities of regional crisis units.
  • Wherever possible, remote connection modalities will be adopted for meetings, especially when it comes to those of healthcare facilities, public utility services, and COVID-19 emergency coordination activities. Meetings will nonetheless guarantee that at least 1 meter of interpersonal distancing can be respected and prevent gatherings.
  • On public holidays and days leading up to holidays, medium and large size stores shall be closed, including stores present in shopping malls and markets. On weekdays, managers must guarantee that at least 1 meter of interpersonal distancing can be respected. Violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business.
  • Activities of gyms, sports centers, pools, swim centers, wellness centers, spas, cultural centers, social centers, and recreation centers are suspended.


Article 2 applies the following measures to the entire Italian national territory:

  • Meetings, conferences, and social events involving healthcare personnel or personnel in charge of delivering essential public services or public utilities are suspended. Any other conference activities are postponed to the date following the end of this decree.
  • Events and shows of all types, including theatrical events, held in any place, whether public or private, are suspended.
  • Activities of pubs, dance schools, amusement arcades, betting and bingo halls, night clubs and similar establishments, are suspended; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business in question.
  • Museums and cultural institutions are closed.
  • Restaurant and cafe activities may continue on the condition that managers guarantee that 1 meter of interpersonal distancing can be respected; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business.
  • It is strongly recommended that managers of other types of establishments guarantees that measures are adopted to allow access to their premises that allows 1 meter of interpersonal distancing to be respected and that prevents gatherings of persons.
  • Sports events and competitions of all types and disciplines are suspended. Such events may still be held without the presence of an audience; in these cases, sports associations and clubs are required to put in place checks on their athletes, technicians, managers, and all who participate, with the scope of containing the COVID-19 virus. General sport and exercise activities are only allowed to take place outdoors and on condition that it is possible to respect an interpersonal distance of one meter. Sports and exercise in general, whether conducted outdoors or in gyms, pools, or sports centers are exclusively allowed on the condition that it is possible to respect an interpersonal distance of 1 meter.
  • Until 15 March, educational institutions of all grades and levels are closed, with the exception of postgraduate courses and apprenticeships related to healthcare professions. Where possible, distance learning is to be enabled. With the aim of maintaining social distancing, any alternative form of gathering is not allowed.
  • Suspension of educational trips and exchanges.
  • Readmission to educational institutions of ALL levels following absence of more than 5 days due to illness allowed only upon presentation of medical certificate.
  • School directors are to enable distance learning for the entire duration of the suspension of teaching activities in schools, with attention to the specific needs of disabled students.
  • Those accompanying patients to the hospital are prohibited from lingering in emergency department waiting rooms and reception areas, unless otherwise instructed by the healthcare personnel in charge.
  • Relatives’ and visitors’ access to hospitality facilities and long term care, care homes, residential facilities for the elderly (whether assisted living or not), is limited to cases indicated by the management of the facility.
  • Employers may apply smart working for the entire duration of the emergency declared on 31 January 2020, in accordance with the principles of the above measures.
  • Wherever possible, employers are recommended to support employees to take annual leave.
  • Regional branches of the national health service are to ensure the Ministry of Justice adequate support for the containment of COVID-19, including with appropriate checks for new entrants to prisons and juvenile penal institutions.
  • Places of worship may remain open on condition that measures to prevent gatherings and to guarantee  visitors an interpersonal distance of at least one meter are established. Civil and religious ceremonies are suspended, including funerals.
  • Those subjected to quarantine or testing positive for the virus are absolutely prohibited from leaving their home or residence.


Additionally:

  • Health workers to conform to WHO prevention measures for respiratory infections and to apply the indicated sanitation measures to health facilities.
  • All elderly persons or persons suffering from chronic diseases or otherwise have compromised immune systems are explicitly recommended to avoid leaving their homes except where strictly necessary; nevertheless, they should avoid crowded places where it is not possible to maintain the safety distance of 1 meter between people.
  • It is recommended that people limit their movements, where possible, except to necessary cases.
  • It is strongly recommended that those with respiratory infection symptoms and a fever (temperature above 37.5 degrees C) do not leave their homes, limit social contact as much as possible, and contact their primary care physician.
  • Educational institutions of all levels must display information on prevention measures.
  • It is recommended that municipalities, other local and regional authorities, and sports and cultural associations offer alternative individual recreational activities, which favor outdoor activities or activities in one’s own home.
  • Public institutions, especially health care facilities, must provide hand sanitizer at entrances.
  • Mayors to promote information on prevention measures, including at shops.
  • Public transport companies to employ extraordinary sanitation measures.
  • Public and private bid procedures should be organized in a way so as to diminish close contact among candidates and guarantee 1 meter of distance among persons.
  • Whoever has arrived in Italy  in the last 14 days and has stayed in affected areas defined by WHO or passed through or stayed in the Red Zones identified by the Ministry of Health, must communicate this to local health services as well as their doctor.

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