ICTP's COVID-19 Response

Precautions taken to prevent spread of virus

Contacts:

Italian Government Actions

1 April: The Italian Minister of Health has announced (Italian; non-official English translation here) that all current measures enforced by the Government to contain COVID-19 will remain in effect until 13 April throughout the entire country. 

28 March: New ordinance regarding travellers to Italy. The main provisions are the following:

Article 1

  • Whoever intends to enter Italy by air, sea, lake, rail, or land is required to provide a detailed declaration (in Italian; non-official English translation available here) consisting of:

--the purpose of the trip
--the complete address where the required period of health monitoring and isolation is to be observed, as well as the means by which it will be reached
--phone number through which one can be reached during the required period of health monitoring and isolation

  • Carriers and operators are required to check such passenger documentation and individuals' temperature prior to boarding, prohibiting anyone with a fever from boarding. They are furthermore required to adopt measures that allow a 1m interpersonal distance to be observed among all passengers; crew and passengers are recommended to wear personal protective equipment and to be given instructions regarding when it may temporarily be removed. Air carriers should provide personal protective equipment to any passengers that do not have it.
  • Persons arriving in Italy, even if asymptomatic, must communicate their arrival to local health authorities and will be subjected to a 14-day period of health monitoring and isolation at the previously indicated address. In case symptoms of COVID-19 develop, local health authorities must immediately be notified.
  • If persons entering Italy are not able to reach the indicated address for the period of isolation, the local health authorities will determine where they should stay at the subject's personal expense
  • These conditions do not apply to persons specified in Article 1, comma 3 of the joint 17 March 2020 decree n.120  of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport and Ministry of Health, in the 18 March 2020 Interministerial decree n.122 or in the joint 19 March 2020 decree n. 125 of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport and Ministry of Health
  • These conditions do not apply to persons in charge of transporting goods

Article 2 bans foreign passenger ships, including cruise ships, from entering Italian ports.

This Ordinance takes immediate effect, also for journeys that had already begun at the time that this decree was signed, and will be in place until further notice.



26 March: Italy has released a new self-declaration form for movement outside of the home.

24 March: Italy has announced a new decree introducing fines from 400 to 3000 euro in case of violations of movement restrictions. Secondly, it allows the possibility for the presidents of Regions to adopt more stringent measures to contain the virus.

23 March: Italy has released a new self-declaration form for movement outside of the home. The new declaration contains two additional points.

  • Firstly, any movement outside your home must include the address of both the start and end of your journey;
  • Secondly, apart from movements for health, state of necessity and work-related reasons, a new provision has been inserted in regard to movements between different cities/towns, which is only permitted in cases of dire necessity.

22 March: Ordinance (in Italian) from the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Interior that prohibits individuals from traveling outside of the area that they are in, both by public or private transport, except for verifiable work reasons or for emergencies, i.e. for health reasons.

21 March: The Italian Prime Minister announced new measures (in Italian) related to the COVID-19 emergency. The principle provisions are the following:

  • Closure of all industries and activies not considered strategic and essential;
  • Closure of all services considered not essential;
  • Supermarket and pharmacies will remain open regularly as per previous days;
  • The measures are in effect from 22 March and are valid throughout Italy.

21 March: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Region issued a new ordinance imposing further restrictions in order to limit the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The new restrictions include the following:

  • Any kind of outdoor activity (sport, jogging, walk) is forbidden;
  • Mayors have been ordered to close all public parks, gardens and other public outdoor areas;
  • Shopping is allowed, but only one person per family (no groups);
  • All shops and supermarkets will be closed on Sundays (except newsstands and pharmacies).

The new measures are valid from 21 March until 3 April. The full text of the decree is here (in Italian).

(Please note that the above regional decree has stricter restrictions than the national decree issued on 20 March. That decree, which is in effect until 25 March, stated:

  • Access to public parks is forbidden.
  • Sport not allowed in open spaces. 
  • Jogging is permitted if close to home. 
  • All vendors of food and drinks within train stations, gas station are closed, exceptions for those along  highways, or within hospitals and airports. 
  • On weekends it is forbidden to travel to secondary houses.)

17 March: The self-certification form for movements outside the home has been updated. In addition to confirming that you have a valid reason for being out, the form now requires that you state that you are not subject to quarantine and have not tested positive for COVID-19.

If you do not have access to a printer, a copy will be made available to you by law enforcement officials in the event that you are stopped.

14 March: The Italian Civil Aviation Authority ordered the temporary closure of the following airports: Milano Linate, Bergamo Orio al Serio, Verona, Firenze, Roma Ciampino, Reggio Calabria, Brindisi, Trieste and Treviso. Cargo and emergency flights will be guaranteed.

A decree issued 11 March by the Italian Government says that any movements outside the home are restricted unless motivated by: work, health, or urgent need (including food shopping). If you leave your home, you are required to carry a self-certification form with you.

If law enforcement stops you, they will check your completed form or furnish a copy of one if you do not have one with you, to be completed and signed on the spot. Please always carry a form of ID. Any declaration you make regarding the purpose of your movement must be truthful and verifiable.

In light of this new decree, physical access to ICTP is strictly limited; those who need to access any buildings must contact the ICTP guards via the main entrance of the Leonardo Building. Most ICTP staff and scientists are now teleworking until 3 April.

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SUMMARY OF 8 MARCH DECREE -  English translation

Article 1 lists the following containment measures for the entire Italian territory (originally it applied only to the region of Lombardy and the provinces of Modena, Parma, Piacenza, Reggio nell'Emilia, Rimini, Pesaro e Urbino, Alessandria, Asti, Novara, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Vercelli, Padua, Treviso, and Venice):

  • Avoid any movement into or out of the listed areas, as well as within them, except for journeys motivated by proven work needs, emergencies, or for health reasons.
  • It is strongly recommended that those with respiratory infection symptoms and a fever (temperature above 37.5 degrees C) do not leave their homes, limit social contact as much as possible, and contact their primary care physician.
  • Those subjected to quarantine or testing positive for the virus are absolutely prohibited from leaving their home or residence.
  • Sports events and competitions of all types and disciplines are suspended. Such events may still be held without the presence of an audience; in these cases, sports associations and clubs are required to put in place checks on their athletes, technicians, managers, and all who participate, with the scope of containing the COVID-19 virus. General sport and exercise activities are only allowed to take place outdoors and on condition that it is possible to respect an interpersonal distance of one meter.
  • It is recommended that public and private employers encourage employees to take leave during the period covered by this decree.
  • Facilities in ski areas are closed.
  • Suspension of all organized events, including events held in public or private venues, even if they are held indoors but open to the public. All activities in such places, which include cinemas, theaters, pubs, dance schools, amusement arcades, betting and bingo halls, night clubs and similar establishments, are suspended.
  • Educational institutions of all grades and levels are closed, except where distance learning is possible (with the exception of courses for doctors' specializations, specialist medical courses in general, and apprenticeships related to healthcare professions.) With the aim of maintaining social distancing, any alternative form of gathering is not allowed. Meetings of in person collegiate bodies are suspended. The managing bodies are to ensure the cleanliness of educational facilities.
  • Places of worship may remain open on condition that measures to prevent gatherings and to guarantee  visitors an interpersonal distance of at least one meter are established. Civil and religious ceremonies are suspended, including funerals.
  • Museums and cultural institutions are closed.
  • Public and private tender/competitive examination procedures shall be suspended except in cases where the evaluation of candidates is carried out exclusively on the basis of CVs or through telecommunications; competitive examinations for healthcare and civil protection personnel are excluded from this suspension, though these should preferably take place remotely.
  • Restaurant and cafe activities are allowed between 6:00-18:00 so long as managers ensure that an interpersonal distance of at least one meter can be respected; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business in question.
  • Additional commercial activities are allowed subject to the same conditions, nonetheless preventing gatherings of persons and guaranteeing that visitors can respect an interpersonal distance of 1 meter; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business in question
  • Leave is suspended for all healthcare and technical personnel, including those whose activities are necessary to conduct the activities of regional crisis units.
  • Wherever possible, remote connection modalities will be adopted for meetings, especially when it comes to those of healthcare facilities, public utility services, and COVID-19 emergency coordination activities. Meetings will nonetheless guarantee that at least 1 meter of interpersonal distancing can be respected and prevent gatherings.
  • On public holidays and days leading up to holidays, medium and large size stores shall be closed, including stores present in shopping malls and markets. On weekdays, managers must guarantee that at least 1 meter of interpersonal distancing can be respected. Violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business.
  • Activities of gyms, sports centers, pools, swim centers, wellness centers, spas, cultural centers, social centers, and recreation centers are suspended.


Article 2 applies the following measures to the entire Italian national territory:

  • Meetings, conferences, and social events involving healthcare personnel or personnel in charge of delivering essential public services or public utilities are suspended. Any other conference activities are postponed to the date following the end of this decree.
  • Events and shows of all types, including theatrical events, held in any place, whether public or private, are suspended.
  • Activities of pubs, dance schools, amusement arcades, betting and bingo halls, night clubs and similar establishments, are suspended; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business in question.
  • Museums and cultural institutions are closed.
  • Restaurant and cafe activities may continue on the condition that managers guarantee that 1 meter of interpersonal distancing can be respected; violations are subject to a penalty of suspension of the business.
  • It is strongly recommended that managers of other types of establishments guarantees that measures are adopted to allow access to their premises that allows 1 meter of interpersonal distancing to be respected and that prevents gatherings of persons.
  • Sports events and competitions of all types and disciplines are suspended. Such events may still be held without the presence of an audience; in these cases, sports associations and clubs are required to put in place checks on their athletes, technicians, managers, and all who participate, with the scope of containing the COVID-19 virus. General sport and exercise activities are only allowed to take place outdoors and on condition that it is possible to respect an interpersonal distance of one meter. Sports and exercise in general, whether conducted outdoors or in gyms, pools, or sports centers are exclusively allowed on the condition that it is possible to respect an interpersonal distance of 1 meter.
  • Until 15 March, educational institutions of all grades and levels are closed, with the exception of postgraduate courses and apprenticeships related to healthcare professions. Where possible, distance learning is to be enabled. With the aim of maintaining social distancing, any alternative form of gathering is not allowed.
  • Suspension of educational trips and exchanges.
  • Readmission to educational institutions of ALL levels following absence of more than 5 days due to illness allowed only upon presentation of medical certificate.
  • School directors are to enable distance learning for the entire duration of the suspension of teaching activities in schools, with attention to the specific needs of disabled students.
  • Those accompanying patients to the hospital are prohibited from lingering in emergency department waiting rooms and reception areas, unless otherwise instructed by the healthcare personnel in charge.
  • Relatives’ and visitors’ access to hospitality facilities and long term care, care homes, residential facilities for the elderly (whether assisted living or not), is limited to cases indicated by the management of the facility.
  • Employers may apply smart working for the entire duration of the emergency declared on 31 January 2020, in accordance with the principles of the above measures.
  • Wherever possible, employers are recommended to support employees to take annual leave.
  • Regional branches of the national health service are to ensure the Ministry of Justice adequate support for the containment of COVID-19, including with appropriate checks for new entrants to prisons and juvenile penal institutions.
  • Places of worship may remain open on condition that measures to prevent gatherings and to guarantee  visitors an interpersonal distance of at least one meter are established. Civil and religious ceremonies are suspended, including funerals.
  • Those subjected to quarantine or testing positive for the virus are absolutely prohibited from leaving their home or residence.


Additionally:

  • Health workers to conform to WHO prevention measures for respiratory infections and to apply the indicated sanitation measures to health facilities.
  • All elderly persons or persons suffering from chronic diseases or otherwise have compromised immune systems are explicitly recommended to avoid leaving their homes except where strictly necessary; nevertheless, they should avoid crowded places where it is not possible to maintain the safety distance of 1 meter between people.
  • It is recommended that people limit their movements, where possible, except to necessary cases.
  • It is strongly recommended that those with respiratory infection symptoms and a fever (temperature above 37.5 degrees C) do not leave their homes, limit social contact as much as possible, and contact their primary care physician.
  • Educational institutions of all levels must display information on prevention measures.
  • It is recommended that municipalities, other local and regional authorities, and sports and cultural associations offer alternative individual recreational activities, which favor outdoor activities or activities in one’s own home.
  • Public institutions, especially health care facilities, must provide hand sanitizer at entrances.
  • Mayors to promote information on prevention measures, including at shops.
  • Public transport companies to employ extraordinary sanitation measures.
  • Public and private bid procedures should be organized in a way so as to diminish close contact among candidates and guarantee 1 meter of distance among persons.
  • Whoever has arrived in Italy  in the last 14 days and has stayed in affected areas defined by WHO or passed through or stayed in the Red Zones identified by the Ministry of Health, must communicate this to local health services as well as their doctor.

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