01 Nov 1997

SOMAINI AWARD "SURFACES" FOR TOSATTI

Erio Tosatti, Deputy-Head of the ICTP's Condensed Matter Section and Professor of Physics at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), is the recipient of the 1997 Francesco Somaini Prize. The prize, which is granted once every three years, includes a 12-million lire cash award. Tosatti's selection was an...

01 Nov 1997

THE NOBEL PRIZE: ICTP CONNECTIONS

Two of the three scientists sharing the 1997 Nobel Prize for Physics -- William D. Phillips, of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Maryland, and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, of College de France and Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris -- have visited the ICTP on several occasions. C...

01 Nov 1997

THE ABDUS SALAM INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR THEORETICAL PHYSICS

On November 21, 1997, the ICTP will change its name to The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in honour of its founder, Nobel Laureate Abdus Salam, who died on November 21, 1996. The ceremony will be the centrepiece of the Abdus Salam Memorial Meeting, which will take place in the ICTP's Mai...

01 Oct 1997

WE'RE BACK...ALMOST

After an extended hiatus, News from ICTP returns later this month with a new look. We'll have more pictures, more colour and several new sections. Our first "make-over" edition includes an interview with Albania's new President, Rexhep Mejdani; a tribute to ICTP's founder, Abdus Salam; and a profile of ...

01 Oct 1997

SAME PLACE, ANOTHER "ERA"

The ICTP will again participate in the Exhibition of Advanced Research (ERA) to be held at Trieste's Conference Centre Stazione Marittima between 17 October and 3 November. The biennial exhibition, which will contain displays from major science institutions throughout the region, nation and neighbouring countries, ...

01 Oct 1997

OPTICAL REALITIES

The International Union for Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), an organization that promotes research in physics, welcomed Ghana and Senegal into its ranks. This marked the first time that two sub-Saharan nations will join the Union. The membership drive for Ghana and Senegal was organized by Gallieno Denardo, Hea...

01 Oct 1997

ARE WE ALONE? NOT AT THIS LECTURE...

On a balmy Thursday afternoon in late September, more than 300 people came to the lecture hall of the Assicurazioni Generali in downtown Trieste to hear Paul Davies, of the University of Adelaide in Australia, discuss whether "we are alone in the universe." The occasion marked ICTP's first-ever public l...

01 Oct 1997

ASIAN CONNECTIONS

ICTP Director Miguel A. Virasoro attended the first meeting of the Asian Pacific Centre for Theoretical Physics' (APCTP) Science Council. Three years in the making, APCTP, headquartered in Seoul, Korea, is modelled after the ICTP. Among other items, the Science Council discussed the APCTP's 1998 calendar, which w...

01 Oct 1997

A MATTER OF DEGREES

Twenty-eight students have just graduated from ICTP's Diploma Course, carrying with them advanced degrees in high-energy physics, condensed matter and mathematics. Many have received scholarships to continue their education in Ph.D. programs in universities from around the world, including Syracuse University, Te...

01 Sep 1997

IAEA'S 40th BIRTHDAY

This year marks the 40th anniversary of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The IAEA served as the ICTP's lead administrative agency from the Centre's inception in October 1964 until January 1996, when the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) assumed primary over...

01 Sep 1997

IS ANYBODY OUT THERE?

"Are We Alone in the Universe" will be a main topic of discussion during a week-long conference, organised by the ICTP, that will take place between 22-26 September. Professor Julian Chela-Flores, a biophysicist at the ICTP and co-director of the conference, notes that "All of the attention that h...

01 Sep 1997

QUANTUM PHYSICS MADE EASIER

GianCarlo Ghirardi, Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Trieste and Head of ICTP's Associates Programme, has authored a layperson's guide to quantum physics. The monograph, which is written in Italian and carries the intriguing title Un'occhiata alle carte di Dio (A Look into God's Plans), offer...

01 Sep 1997

THE WORLD BY A STRING

Peter Goddard of the University of Cambridge and David Ian Olive of University College of Swansea (the United Kingdom) have won the 1997 ICTP Dirac Medal for their pioneering work on string theory. The award, established in 1985, carries a $5,000 cash prize. String theory, which has captured the imagination of ph...

01 Sep 1997

COMPLEXITY AND CHAOS

Several prominent physicists participated last month in the ICTP's Adriatico Research Conferences on "Nonlinear Cooperative Phenomena in Biological Systems" and "The Dynamics of Complexity." Per Bak, Professor of Physics at the University of Copenhagen, whose ideas have influenced U.S. Vice-Pr...

01 Sep 1997

MARK YOUR CALENDARS

The ICTP's 1998 Scientific Calendar has just been published. A complete listing of activities can be found on the Web Page at www.ictp.trieste.it. The '98 Calendar includes a completely new subject: Between 31 August and 2 October, the Centre will hold its first-ever School on the Mathematics of Economics. Orga...

01 Aug 1997

DIRAC MEDAL: THIRTEEN AND COUNTING

The Selection Committee will announce this year's winner of the Dirac Medal on 8 August. The award, named after the late Nobel Laureate and ICTP friend Paul Dirac, is now in its 13th year. As in the past, the announcement will be made on Professor Dirac's birthday. We will post the name of the award winner on ICT...

01 Aug 1997

MOVE OVER MR. POSTMAN

ICTP plans to take advantage of cyberspace to inform all interested parties of its activities. The calendar of events, conference announcements and information about other programs will now be sent via e-mail. Institutions without e-mail will continue to receive this information by more down-to-earth delivery ser...

01 Aug 1997

DATA WAY IN ARGENTINA

ICTP recently returned to Latin America to organise the Second Latin American Course on Data Acquisition and Filtering in San Luis, Argentina. Funding for the course was provided by the World Bank, United Nations University and National University of San Luis (UNSL). The Head of the ICTP Microprocessor Laboratory...

01 Aug 1997

IT'S A MATERIAL WORLD

Nobel Laureate Philip W. Anderson, a professor at Princeton University and a member of ICTP's Scientific Council, presented two lectures to the IX Trieste Workshop on Open Problems in Strongly Correlated Systems. The workshop was organised by ICTP Research Scientists, Professors Erio Tosatti and Yu Lu, as well as...

01 Aug 1997

MISSION ACCOMPLISHED

Brian Stewart, Second Secretary, and LeRoy Simpkins, Counsellor for Nuclear Policy, at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations System Organisations in Vienna, visited the Centre from 14-16 July. They came to "discuss the Centre's role in supporting scientific research, especially in developing nations, and ho...

01 Aug 1997

PHYSICS AND POLITICS MEET IN ALBANIA

Albania's Parliament has elected Rexhep Mejdani, a long-time friend of ICTP, as the nation's President. Mejdani is a Professor of Physics at the University of Tirana, Albania's capital city. His resume lists more than 50 publications, including several articles published in Science. Over the past 10 years, Mejda...

01 Jul 1997

VIRTUAL ART GALLERY

Browsers will soon be able to visit a portion of the Centre's "art gallery" on the Web. A site is under construction that will include the winning entrees in the ICTP's First Painting Competition, "Nature and Science at Miramare," which was held by the ICTP earlier this year. When the site is ...

01 Jul 1997

RESEARCH WORKSHOP ON CM PHYSICS RESTRUCTURED

The Research Workshop on Condensed Matter Physics - one of the major activities of the ICTP - will consist of 4 consecutive topical miniworkshops: Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations of Liquids and Solids; Superconducting Mesoscopic Structures; Pattern Formation and Spatio-Temporal Chaos; and Quantum Wells, Dots, Wir...

01 Jul 1997

DEATH OF PROF. M. ZIFFERERO

Prof. Maurizio Zifferero, a former Deputy Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), died in June. Prof. Zifferero, a long-time point of contact for the ICTP at IAEA, gained worldwide notoriety as the leader of a United Nations team of experts responsible for inspecting Iraq's nuclear and ...

01 Jul 1997

NEWS FROM ICTP ASSOCIATES

Prof. H.P. Garg, Professor and Co-ordinator of the Solar Energy Programme at the Indian Institute of Technology in New Delhi, has been named an ICTP Senior Associate. Prof. Garg, who is a pioneer researcher in the field of renewable energy, has been an ICTP Associate since 1984. Dr. Nguyen Ai Viet, another ICTP ...

01 Jul 1997

NO NEED TO SIGN OUT, PLEASE

As part of a continuing effort to automate procedures and improve services, researchers and staff will no longer be required to sign book cards when checking out a monograph or report from the library. The information will now be entered into a computer. Head librarian, Mariuccia Fasanella, says the new system sh...

01 Jul 1997

SCIENCE CENTRE CREATOR GARNERS 'PRIMO ROVIS PRIZE'

Professor Saroj Ghose, creator and scientific director of the "Science Centre" in Calcutta, has received the 1996 'Primo Rovis International Prize'. The awards ceremony took place at the ICTP's Adriatico Guesthouse in June. Professor Ghose was honoured for his outstanding contributions to the popularisa...

01 Jul 1997

NEW INITIATIVE, NEW EDITOR

This is the first instalment of ICTP's "Highlights" page, a new monthly initiative launched by the Scientific Information Office. "Highlights" is designed to keep ICTP staff, as well as researchers and administrators in nearby institutions, up-to-date on recent and upcoming Centre activities. ...