Open Science at ICTP

Open Science at ICTP

Open ScienceOur commitment to Open Science is intrinsic to our research. Before the Open Access movement ICTP scientists were publishing preprints of their work on Over the years, ICTP's inclusive approach made it clear our mission would be best served by opening all work to anyone thirsty for Science.

Open Access

OsarxivThis research activity focuses on finding solutions to the particular challenges of scientific IoT applications in Developing Countries, such as intermittent energy availability, low speed Internet connections, harsh environmental conditions and privacy issues for underrepresented communities.

We focus on specific applications such as weather monitoring using IoT technology, which have a significant local impact while contributing to the improvement of global climate models. We design low-cost stations to monitor weather and environmental conditions. This will allow data collected from observations of dozens, or even hundreds of scientific institutions or educational organizations to be fully and seamlessly integrated. These devices complement the present high-cost sparse network methodology of collecting weather data on the ground. While such an array will have inferior measurement accuracy due to the low-cost nature, the high spatial density of the array is unique and will prove invaluable for research and operational applications.


OszbmathIt is widely recognized that in many regions of the Developing World, poor Internet access in Universities and Research institutions is one of the causes of the scientific divide. We are researching the use of TVWS (TV white spaces) to improve connectivity options for academic institutions in Developing Countries. We developed open source tools to measure the availability of TVWS frequencies, and have made pilot broadband installations in several countries.

Tropospheric Effects on IoT Networks

STI TROPPO TeaserWith the growth of IoT deployments there are many reports of very long wireless links, well beyond the line of sight, which can be explained by anomalous tropospheric propagation. Disruptions on the temperature and humidity profiles in the troposphere on frequencies from about 50 MHz to 10000 MHz cause a change in the refraction index that can significantly change the propagation range. The main goal of the TROPPO platform is to examine radio trajectories from end-nodes to LoRaWAN gateways to understand if anomalous propagation has occurred. This citizen science paradigm approach can be extended to many other fields.

Open Software

UNESCO Biosphere Reserves

We are working with UNESCO Regional Office for Southern Africa to deploy low cost weather stations for the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) for the Southern Africa region.

[UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Website]